gingivitis signs

Gingivitis Do You Know the Signs?

Gingivitis is the inflammatory disease which affects the gums of several Americans. This is an infectious disease and it is important to be aware about the different signs of gingivitis in order to ensure the best possible oral health.


The Basics of Gingivitis

The oral cavity may be affected by a reversible disease called the gingivitis, which is common. The American Academy of Periodontology claims that a periodontal disease when left untreated becomes gingivitis. The first and foremost sign of this disease is the inflammation of the gums. Along with periodontal disease, gingivitis takes its place as one of the biggest inflammatory diseases that directly affects the periodontium, which are tissues that surround and support a gum.

The inflammation can become chronic if left untreated and it may lead to gingival enlargement. In some cases, this enlargement may be extremely high due to drug related or genetic factors. Some of the common factors that result in gingivitis are lack of nutrition, ageing, smoking, puberty, stress, and even HIV infections. It is an issue that could affect all genders and ages groups in equal measure.

Treatment of Gingivitis

Since it is a reversible disease, gingivitis can be cured easily even with just home care remedies, which primarily focus on preventing bacterial plague from building upon the tooth. Key elements of oral hygiene like toothbrushes, mouth rinses, and floss are also used to prevent bacteria plague accumulation and the subsequent onset of gingivitis.

Key Indicators of Healthy Gums

Some of the main signs and symptoms of your gums being in healthy condition are:

  • melanin pigmentation or pale color (although highly common in some ethnic groups)
  • flat and firm gum tissues
  • stippled texture
  • lack of pain
  • no symptoms of bleeding
  • pyramidal or knife-edged papilla, which is a gum tissue between the teeth

At the same time, these are some of the common signs of gingivitis:

  • chronic inflammation of gums in bluish red or red color
  • provocation – while brushing or flossing – results in bleeding
  • spongy and soft gums
  • stippling texture being lost
  • pus from gums
  • swollen gums
  • bad breath
  • gums receding from their usual levels
  • painless gums or occasionally being painful

Best Time to Consult Dentist

One of the best ways to identify gingivitis through its various signs and symptoms is by regularly consulting with the dentist. Regular checkups can also help avoid problems like tooth decay and other dental conditions which will contribute to a lot of complications. Even if the signs and symptoms of gingivitis occur in between a regular checkup, it is important to schedule an appointment straight away. The probability of overcoming gingivitis and also preventing the complication from becoming a periodontal disease are higher when the treatment is provided early.

Restoring the gums back to their normal state of health can also be done only with the help of compliancy. An effort to keep up oral health will not only help keep your mouth in the best possible shape, but it has also a great effect in improving the overall health of your body.

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